Frederick I (Barbarossa)

Frederick I (Barbarossa)
(c. 1122–90)
   Monarch.
   Frederick was the nephew of Emperor Conrad III and was elected King of Germany in 1152 on his uncle’s death. He was anxious to restore the rights of the German monarchy and, to this end, he issued a proclamation of peace and built up an efficient administrative organisation. In 1154 he invaded Italy, with the approval of Pope hadrian iv. He repressed the Lombard communes and was crowned Holy Roman Emperor. However, his alliance with the Pope disintegrated when Frederick’s plans threatened the Pope’s secular power. Pope Hadrian’s successor, Alexander III, was not recognised by Frederick, who chose to support the Antipope Victor IV. After a schism lasting seventeen years and in the face of military defeat, the Emperor submitted to Alexander, but not before he had persuaded his antipope to canonise his predecessor, the Holy Roman Emperor charlemagne. In 1189 Frederick embarked on the Third Crusade, which was designed to drive the Sultan Saladin from Jerusalem. This was the culmination of his ambitions as ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, but he was drowned in the river Saleph in Cilicia before he could reach the Holy Land.
   G. Barraclough, The Origins of Modern Germany (1947);
   P. Munz, Frederick Barbarossa: A Study in Mediaeval Politics (1969);
   M. Pacaut, Frederick Barbarossa (1970).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • Frederick I (Barbarossa) — • German King and Roman Emperor (1123 1190) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick I Barbarossa —    Successor to Conrad III (q.v.) as king of Germany (q.v.) from 1152 1190; crowned western emperor in 1155. Frederick competed with Manuel I Komnenos (q.v.) for control over Italy and Hungary (qq.v.). Manuel I s invasion of southern Italy in… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor — Frederick I Barbarossa [Meaning Redbeard .] (1122 ndash; 10 June 1190) was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March, crowned King of Italy at Pavia in 1154, and finally crowned Holy Roman Emperor by… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick I —     Frederick I (Barbarossa)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Frederick I (Barbarossa)     German King and Roman Emperor, son of Frederick of Swabia (d. 1147) and Judith, daughter of Henry the Black; born c. 1123; died 10 June, 1190. Connected… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick II, Duke of Swabia — Frederick II (1090 ndash; 6 April 1147), called the One Eyed, was the second Hohenstaufen duke of Swabia from 1105. He was the eldest son of Frederick I and Agnes. He succeeded his father in 1105. In 1121 he married Judith of Bavaria, a member of …   Wikipedia

  • Barbarossa — (Italian: Red Beard ) may refer to:* Barbarossa, nickname of three famous people in history: ** Frederick I (Barbarossa) (1122 1190) ** Barbarossa I (c. 1474 1518), an Ottoman Turkish privateer and Bey of Algiers ** Barbarossa (Ottoman admiral)… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick VI, Duke of Swabia — Frederick VI of Hohenstaufen (1167 ndash; January 20 1191) was duke of Swabia from 1170 to his death at the siege of Acre. He was the third son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy and brother of Henry VI, Holy Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick V, Duke of Swabia — Frederick V of Hohenstaufen (1164 ndash; 1170) was duke of Swabia from 1167 to his death. He was the eldest son of Frederick III Barbarossa and Beatrice I, Countess of Burgundy.ee also*Dukes of Swabia family tree …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick II — 1. See Frederick I (def. 2). 2. ( Frederick the Great ) 1712 86, king of Prussia 1740 86 (son of Frederick William I). * * * I German Friedrich known as Frederick the Great born Jan. 24, 1712, Berlin died Aug. 17, 1786, Potsdam, near Berlin King… …   Universalium

  • Frederick Barbarossa — noun Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190; conceded supremacy to the pope; drowned leading the Third Crusade (1123 1190) • Syn: ↑Frederick I, ↑Barbarossa • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Holy Roman Emperor …   Useful english dictionary

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